PMID: Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2018 Apr 10. Epub 2018 Apr 10. PMID: 29739677 Abstract Title: Soy isoflavones improve cardiovascular disease risk markers in women during the early menopause. Abstract: BACKGROUND: Hormone replacement therapy may be beneficial for cardiovascular disease risk (CVR) in post-menopausal women. Soy isoflavones may act as selective estrogen receptor modulators. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether soy isoflavones had an effect on CVR markers.METHODS: The expected 10-year risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality were calculated as a secondary endpoint from a double blind randomised parallel study involving 200 women (mean age 55 years, Caucasian, Hull, UK, 2012) in the early menopause who were randomised to 15 g soy protein with 66 mg isoflavone (SPI) or 15 g soy protein alone (depleted of all isoflavones; SP) given as a snack bar between meals daily for 6 months. Age, diabetes, smoking, blood pressure and lipid profiles were used to calculate CVR using the Framingham CVR engine.RESULTS: SPI treatment resulted in a significant reduction in the metabolic parameters and systolic blood pressure compared to SP (p
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